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Crop Cultivation: Wheat and Barley

    Why study Crop Cultivation: Wheat and Barley?

    A number of people and organisations are involved in assisting producers of crops to reach the goals of food security and food self-sufficiency. Everybody involved in the production chain should understand how these crops are produced. This also includes understanding problems that may be encountered during the production process, from determining whether a crop can be produced, until the final product is delivered to the consumer. A number of professionals are closely involved in providing advice to producers and will therefore find this short learning programme very beneficial when dealing with producers.

    How will you benefit from studying this short learning programme?

    The purpose of this programme is to equip students with the knowledge to advise producers of wheat and barley.  Students will gain knowledge of the environmental requirements for successful production of these crops, best production practices and potential pest and disease problems that may be encountered. Knowledge about fertilisation practices and recommendations for given circumstances will also be gained, as well as the correct way of identifying suitable growth stages for the application of hormonal herbicides to avoid crop damage. The ways in which these crops are graded as well as their uses will also be covered.

    After completion of this short learning programme you will be able to:

    • Explain where these crops originated and where they fit in the ‘plant kingdom’
    • Describe where these grains are produced and discuss the importance of the various production areas for the industry in South Africa
    • Differentiate between the production systems used in the various production areas
    • Explain the crops’ growth and development and how the various growth stages affect managerial decisions during the production process
    • Identify crucial growth point stages and discuss the developmental scales used to identify various growth stages
    • Evaluate the soil and climatic conditions to determine suitability for these crops and explain how they can be produced in the summer rainfall regions
    • Explain the concept of target yield and understand how this will affect production planning
    • Describe the various tillage operations and systems that can be used to produce these crops
    • Evaluate various cultivars for suitability in a given area and describe the planting process
    • Discuss the effect of planting density on growth and development of the crop and problems that can be encountered if the correct density is not achieved
    • Evaluate and explain the nutritional requirements of the crops under different production systems and be able to determine the fertilisation requirements for the crops
    • Compare the weed control options available to small grain producers and explain the importance of growth point analysis to determine the correct stage at which hormone herbicides can be applied
    • Become familiar with the most important pests (weeds, insects and diseases) of these two small grains
    • Discuss the various uses of these two crops
    • Explain how the grading system works and be able to discuss the factors affecting quality


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    1 day

    • Location: Western Cape (7-8 June)

    MSA Competency based short learning programme

    Who should attend

    If you are interested in these two crops, or if you are involved in either the production or provision of advice to producers of these crops, you will benefit from attending this course.

    Entry requirements
    • Senior Certificate or equivalent NQF level 4 qualification with appropriate experience
    • No prior knowledge of the crops is required
    About the course facilitator

    Dr James Allemann holds a Ph.D. (Agric.) specialising in agronomy and an M.Sc. (Agric.) majoring in weed science. His areas of expertise are crop production and weed control.

    Contact us

    011 950 4009 inquiries@monash.ac.za
    From outside South Africa
    +27 11 950 4009

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