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ZUG2036 - Fundamental Principles in Machine Dynamics

Undergraduate – Module

Refer to the specific census and withdrawal dates for the semester(s) in which this module is offered.


Business, Engineering and Technology


South Africa

  • Semester 2, 2019
    On-campus block of classes
    (Mainstream & Extended Programme)

12 credits, NQF Level 6


The analysis of the motion of particles of varying shapes forms the foundation of this machine dynamics module. The motion may take various forms from linear to rotational and translational. The particle motion is being analysed in the context of dynamic behaviour of rigid bodies. The equations of motion are being employed to formulate and solve mathematical models of physically dynamic system of particles. In essence this module covers the fundamental principles and formulations of the kinematics and kinetics of Newtonian-mechanics when applied to rigid body dynamics.


On completion of the module, students will be expected to be able to:

1Analyse the motion of individual and linked system of particles and rigid bodies
2Build kinematic diagrams of relative velocity and acceleration
3Solve dynamics of systems of particles
4Apply principles of momentum and energy to particles in motion
5Understand kinetics of  2 & 3 dimensional particles and rigid bodies
6Determine rigid body dynamics by applying kinetic equations of motion


Coursework assessment: 25%
Examination: 75%

Workload requirements

The evaluation of the system of particles in motion relative to the types of surface on which the motion is being effected, is done through the physical interpretation of the solution of the equations of motion to determine the dynamic behaviour associated with these systems and mechanisms.There will be a combination of lectures, that will include interactive elements and class tests. All outcomes will be assessed by means of class tests and a final examination.

Chief examiner(s)







Basic Concepts in Physics, Mechanics: The Interaction of Forces, Basic Mathematical Concepts, Advanced Mathematical Concepts, Differential and Integral Calculus